Remembering the Montreal Massacre, Patricia Allen and the Many Victims of Male Violence

Minto memorial in Ottawa
The Ottawa Women’s Monument in that city’s downtown Minto Park was dedicated in 1992 to the women murdered as a result of domestic violence. (Photo: Padraic Ryan/Wikimedia/CC)
I remember December 6, 1989, like it was yesterday. I was 22 years old and doing a masters degree in women’s studies in Ottawa, Canada. Fourteen women were fatally shot at École Polytechnique in Montreal. They were shot for being young women studying engineering. With my friends and my spouse, I went to vigils and cried. I hoped for a better world. We met, planned actions and educational events.

Michelle L. Stack
Michelle L. Stack
Two years after the Montreal Massacre, I was teaching ESL to women who were refugees, I was walking to work and saw a woman on the ground surrounded by paramedics. Her name was Patricia Allen. She was a lawyer, killed with a crossbow by her estranged husband in November 1991. Some of my students witnessed the same scene on the way into class and wanted to talked about it, how it brought back memories of other acts of violence they had witnessed or endured.  The same day I had a disagreement with a male colleague who with a chuckle said, “You better watch it or you’ll get a crossbow, too.”  Shocking, but not surprising in those times.

In some ways things have changed from 1991. There is more training for health, justice, and educational professionals about gender-based violence, and these are very good things. But when I look at the university where I work and other universities across North America, at frosh week rape and Pocahontas chants at UBC’s business school, misogyny on a Facebook page of male dentistry students at Dalhousie University, the callous attitude shown by my male colleague in 1991 lives on.

The evidence is overwhelming: Gender-based violence at universities is not an outlier. Academic studies also point to robust educational practices, policies and processes to prevent and respond appropriately when violence does happen. Yet, the experiences of my generation and the ones before me continue.  I was recently speaking with a Ph.D. student who told me things I remember telling a professor 25 years ago. She noticed students are disciplined if they commit acts of vandalism — but a student or faculty member known for gender-based violence can get away with it.  For women with disabilities, Indigenous women, women of color, and LGBTQ+ people the chance of experiencing violence are even higher.

Blaming acts of violence against women on a few bad apples – aberrant or troubled men – is a dangerous form of collective amnesia. Occasionally horrific acts of violence become media stories and are seen as shocking and rare, but these acts are divorced from the everyday context of ubiquitous male violence.

This December 6th I once again remembered the women killed, for the audacity of getting an education, the audacity of having a profession, the audacity to leave a partner, the audacity to live as women. I also once again commit this year to confront the ubiquity of interconnected structural violence in its many forms.

And to learn, find hope and ideas for collective action I’ve bookmarked the following blogs:

Other suggestions would be much appreciated.

0 0 votes
Article Rating

Michelle L. Stack

Michelle Stack is associate professor in the Department of Educational Studies at the University of British Columbia, Canada. Her research centers on the role of media and market logics in the transformation of education; media education; and media-academic communication aimed at expanding public debate about what a good education is. Prior to becoming an academic Michelle was a communications director and policy consultant.

Michelle can also be found on twitter at @MichelleLStack

Notify of

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Inline Feedbacks
View all comments
Would love your thoughts, please comment.x