Jessica L. Wildman, Amanda L. Thayer, both of University of Central Florida, Michael A. Rosen, Johns Hopkins University, Eduardo Salas, University of Central Florida, John E. Mathieu, University of Connecticut, and Sara R. Rayne, FedEx Corporate Services, published “Task Types and Team-Level Attributes: Synthesis of Team Classification Literature” on October 30th, 2011 in Human Resource Development Review’s OnlineFirst collection. To read other OnlineFirst articles, please click here.
Within team research, there is no shortage of literature classifying teams. However, the team taxonomic literature suffers from a few limitations. First, many taxonomies claim to classify teams into mutually exclusive classes, yet when examined closely, are not. Second, some of the most well-known taxonomies are descriptive of various tasks teams engage in, but not of the holistic team-level properties that define different types of teams. A clear understanding of both is necessary if human resource development (HRD) professionals are to develop and train different teams effectively. Therefore, the purpose of the current article is twofold: to present an integrative taxonomy of task types and a set of team-level characteristics that have been carefully synthesized from the prior literature and to explain how these tools can be used in conjunction to inform team-oriented HRD research and practice.
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